Supplemental Materials

Mortality at Music Festivals - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

Music Festival Fatalities: Media Reports

  1. Anonymous. Dayglow incident sheds light on growing EMS problems of dance parties. JEMS. http://m/jems.com/article/major-incidents/dayglow-incident-sheds-light-growing-ems Accessed September 1, 2014.
  2. Anonymous. Deadly mix of drugs and rave. LA Times. http://graphics.latimes.com/towergrahic-coliseum-rave-deaths/ Accessed September 15, 2014.
  3. Anonymous. Fun loving girl died of drug overdose at festival. Metro. http://metro.co.uk/2009/01/29/fun-loving-girl-died-of-drugs-overdose-at-festival-405945 Accessed September 15, 2014.
  4. Anonymous. Medical Examiner: Drugs at Kapolei rave led to woman's death. Star Advertiser. http://www.staradvertiser.com/news/breaking/147271455.html?id=147271455 Accessed September 15, 2014.
  5. Anonymous. 1 dead after drug overdoses at Washington concert. CBC News. http://www.cbc.ca/news/worlds/1-dead-after-drug-overdoses-at-wash-concert-venue-1.1412755 Accessed February 14, 2014.
  6. Anonymous. Six dead from “meth” at Future music festival Asia, 2014. Sydney Herald. http://www.smh.com/au/entertainment/music/six-dead-from-meth-at-future-festival-asia-2014-police-20140317-34wev.html Accessed September 9, 2014.
  7. Anonymous. Tributes to Rio Andrew who died after Croydon Rave. BBC News. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-27884915 Accessed September 1, 2014.
  8. Anonymous. 2 dead among numerous drug, alcohol overdoses at Comcast Center rave concert. Sun Chronicle. http://www.thesunchronical.com/news/local_news/dead-among-numerous-drug-alcohol-overdoses-at-comcast-center-rave/article_00aee02e-d500-543a-b5c0-c626ba4f423b.html Accessed September 2, 2014.
  9. Bell D. Woman dies at Ottawa rave event; 2nd woman in coma. Ottawa Sun. http://www.ottawasun.com/2014/07/04/woman-dies-at-ottawa-rave-event-2nd-woman-in-coma Accessed September 1, 2014.
  10. Boles B. What’s behind the music fest deaths? http://www.nowtoronto.com/news/story.cfm?content=199323 Accessed September 15, 2014.
  11. Camber R. School boy Daniel Spargo-Mabbs, 16, dies after taking ecstasy at a rave. Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2543272/Schoolboy-Daniel-Spargo-Mabbs-16-dies-taking-ecstasy-rave.html Accessed September 1, 2014.
  12. Chan C. Penticton’s Boonstock festival ends with one dead, 80 sent to hospital. The Province. http://www.theprovince.com/Penticton+Boonstock+Festival+ends+with+dead+sent+hospital/10089307/story.html#__federated=1 Accessed November 6, 2014.
  13. Cheston P. Clubber who died during 2 day rave killed by overdose. London Evening Standard. http://www.standard.co.uk/new/london/clubber-who-died-during-twoday-rave-at-alexandra-palace-killed-by-overdose-not-rogue-ecstasy-7956584.html Accessed September 15, 2014.
  14. Dearden L. Glastonbury 2014:reveller dies in hospital after taking ketamine.
    http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/news/glastonbury-festival-2014-reveller-dies-in-hospital-after-taking-ketamine-9568197.html Accessed Sept 15, 2014.
  15. Fatima A. Drug related deaths at Toronto’s VELD Festival prompt homicide investigation. Globe & Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/toronto/siu-investigating-death-of-concert-goer-handcuffed-by-police/article19906816/ Accessed September 1,2014.
  16. Gillfillan A. Death reported at Electric Forest music festival. Fox News. http://fox17online.com/2014/06/30/death-reported-at-electric-forest-music-festival/ Accessed September 10, 2014.
  17. Grow D. Two deaths reported at the UK’s V festival. Spin News. http://www.spin.com/articles/two-deaths-reported-at-the-uks-v-festival/ Accessed September 15, 2014.
  18. Humphries A, Hudes S. Who were the young people who died apparently from tainted drugs as music festivals? National Post. http://news.nationalpost.com/2014/08/06/who-were-the-young-people-who -died-apparently-from-tainted-drugs-at-music-festivals/ Accessed September 9, 2014.
  19. Jordan B. Raver dies at BC music festival. CBC News. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/raver-dies-at-b-c-music-festival-1.1273834 Accessed February 24, 2014.
  20. Martin N. 21-year-old dies after one drop of new synthetic drug. Times Picayune. http://www.nola.com/crime/index.ssf/2012/11/21-year-old_dies_after_one_dro.html Accessed September 15, 2014.
  21. Perry T. USD student dies of drug overdose after on campus music festival. LA Times. http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-ucsd-student-drug-overdose-20140820-story.html Accessed September 10, 2014.
  22. Ratliff B, Sisario B. Woman found dead at Bonnaroo. http://arsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/06/10/bonnarro-organizers-confirm-festival-attendees-death/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0 Accessed September 15, 2014.
  23. Reilly J. Teenage, 19, dies and two of his friends are hospitalized after taking ‘legal high’ Benzo Fury at music festival. Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article2157524/RockNess02012-Alex-Heriot-dies-festival-taking-10-legal-high-Benzo-Fury.html Accessed September 15, 2014.
  24. Rettig J. 2 dead, 20 hospitalized after Mad Decent Party. http://www.stereogum.com/1696252/2-dead-20-hospitalized-after-mad-decent-block-party/news/ Accessed September 1, 2014.
  25. Romero D. 10 raver deaths in 5 years. LA Times. http://www.laweekly.com/informer/2012/06/20/10-raver-deaths-in-5-years-ecstasy-often-blamed?page=10 Accessed September 8, 2014.
  26. Russell K. Police investigating whether a death is connected to drugs. WXYZ News. http://www.wxyz.com/nes/police-investigating-whether-a-death-is-connected-to-a-rave-in-novi Accessed September 9, 2014.
  27. Sherburne P. Tainted Ecstasy suspected. Spin News. http://www.spin.com/articles/defqon1-death-sydney-suspected-overdose/ Accessed September 15, 2014.
  28. Stein J. Death at Bonnaroo music festival. LA Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jun/14/news/la-heb-festival-20110614 Accessed September 15, 2014.
  29. Thomson I. Money, music, molly. Music Business Journal. http://www.thembj.org/2013/10/money-music-molly/ Accessed February 24, 2014.
  30. Woodward J. Boonstock festival goer died on birthday trip. CTV News. http://bc.ctvnews.ca/boonstock-festivalgoer-died-on-birthday-trip-1.1946025 Accessed September 24, 2014.
  31. Yosh A. Two possible deaths at Ultra music festival this year; 2013 death attributed to bath salts. EDM News. http://www.Magneticmag.com/2014/04/two-possible-deaths-at-ultra-music-festival-this-eyar-2013-death-attributed-to-bath-salts-overdose/ Accessed September 10, 2014.
  32. Young A. Second person dies at Electric Daisy Carnival 2014, marks seventh death since 2011. http://consequenceofsound.net/2014/06/second-person-dies-at-electronic-dance-carnival-2014-marks-seventh-death-since-2011/ Accessed September 15, 2014.
  33. Zanotti M. Big Day Out death inquest commences. Music Feed. http://musicfeeds.com/au/news/big-day-out-death-inquest-commences/ Accessed September 15, 2014.
  34. Zattell J. Final day of New York electronic dance festival cancelled due to drug overdoses. CTV News. http://www.ctvnews.ca/entertainment/final-day-of-n-y-electronic-music-festival-cancelled-due-to-drug-overdoses-1.1435885 Accessed February 24, 2014.

Music Festival Fatalities: Academic Reports

  1. Armenian P, Mamantov TM, Tsutaoka BT, et al. Multiple MDMA (ecstasy) overdoses at a rave event: A case series. J Intensive Care Med. 2013; 28(4):252-258.
  2. Bledsoe B, Songer P, Buchanan K, et al. Burning man 2011: Mass gathering medical care in an austere environment. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012; 16(4):469-476.
  3. Duflou J, Mark A. Aortic dissection after ingestion of “Ecstasy” (MDMA). Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2000; 21(3):261-263.
  4. Dutch JM, Austin KB. Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012; 25(5):463-467.
  5. Garcia-Repetto R, Moreno E, Soriano T, et al. Tissue concentrations of MDMA and its metabolite MDA in three fatal cases of overdose. Forensic Sci Int. 2003; 135(2);110-114.
  6. Gill JR, Hayes JA, de Souza IS, et al. Ecstasy (MDMA) related deaths in New York City: a case series and review of the literature. J Forensic Sci. 2002; 47:121-126.
  7. Hutton A, Ranse J, Verdonk N, et al. Understanding the characteristics of patient presentations of young people at outdoor music festivals. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014; 29(2):160-166.
  8. Karlovsek MZ, Alibegovic A, Balazic J. Our experiences with fatal ecstasy abuse (two case reports). Forensic Science International. 2005; 147:S77-80.
  9. Krul J, Sanou B, Swart EL, et al. Medical care at mass gatherings: emergency medical services as large-scale rave events. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012; 27(1):71-74.
  10. Mascola L. Ecstasy overdoses at a New Year’s Eve Rave. CDC Reports, MMWR. 2010; 59(22):677-681.
  11. Milroy CM. “Ecstasy” associated deaths: what is a fatal concentration? Analysis of a case series. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2011; 7:248-252.
  12. Molloy MS, Brady F, Maleady K. Impact of a single large mass gathering music event, from a series of such events, on a receiving hospital's emergency department (ED). Prehosp Dis Med. 2013; 28(1):S186.
  13. Ridpath A, Driver CR, Nolan ML, et al. Illnesses and deaths among persons attending an electronic dance-music festival – New York City, 2013. MMRW. 2014; 63(50):1195-1198.
  14. Stagelund S, Jans O, Nielsen K, et al. Medical care and organization at the 2012 Roskilde music festival: A prospective observational study. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2014; 58(9):1086-1092.
  15. Ter Bogt TFM, Engels RCME. Partying Hard: Party style, motives for and effects of MDMA use at rave parties. Substance Use and Misuse. 2005; 40(9–10):1479–1502.
  16. Turris SA, Lund A. Mass gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 (in press).
  17. Walterscheid, JP, Phillips GT, Lopez AE, Gonsoulin ML, Chen HH, Sanchez L. A. Pathological findings in 2 cases of fatal 25I-NBOMe toxicity. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2014; 35(1):20-25.