Supplemental Materials

Mortality at Music Festivals - Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

Music Festival Fatalities: Media Reports

  1. Anonymous. Dayglow incident sheds light on growing EMS problems of dance parties. JEMS. http://m/ Accessed September 1, 2014.
  2. Anonymous. Deadly mix of drugs and rave. LA Times. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  3. Anonymous. Fun loving girl died of drug overdose at festival. Metro. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  4. Anonymous. Medical Examiner: Drugs at Kapolei rave led to woman's death. Star Advertiser. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  5. Anonymous. 1 dead after drug overdoses at Washington concert. CBC News. Accessed February 14, 2014.
  6. Anonymous. Six dead from “meth” at Future music festival Asia, 2014. Sydney Herald. Accessed September 9, 2014.
  7. Anonymous. Tributes to Rio Andrew who died after Croydon Rave. BBC News. Accessed September 1, 2014.
  8. Anonymous. 2 dead among numerous drug, alcohol overdoses at Comcast Center rave concert. Sun Chronicle. Accessed September 2, 2014.
  9. Bell D. Woman dies at Ottawa rave event; 2nd woman in coma. Ottawa Sun. Accessed September 1, 2014.
  10. Boles B. What’s behind the music fest deaths? Accessed September 15, 2014.
  11. Camber R. School boy Daniel Spargo-Mabbs, 16, dies after taking ecstasy at a rave. Mail Online. Accessed September 1, 2014.
  12. Chan C. Penticton’s Boonstock festival ends with one dead, 80 sent to hospital. The Province. Accessed November 6, 2014.
  13. Cheston P. Clubber who died during 2 day rave killed by overdose. London Evening Standard. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  14. Dearden L. Glastonbury 2014:reveller dies in hospital after taking ketamine. Accessed Sept 15, 2014.
  15. Fatima A. Drug related deaths at Toronto’s VELD Festival prompt homicide investigation. Globe & Mail. Accessed September 1,2014.
  16. Gillfillan A. Death reported at Electric Forest music festival. Fox News. Accessed September 10, 2014.
  17. Grow D. Two deaths reported at the UK’s V festival. Spin News. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  18. Humphries A, Hudes S. Who were the young people who died apparently from tainted drugs as music festivals? National Post. -died-apparently-from-tainted-drugs-at-music-festivals/ Accessed September 9, 2014.
  19. Jordan B. Raver dies at BC music festival. CBC News. Accessed February 24, 2014.
  20. Martin N. 21-year-old dies after one drop of new synthetic drug. Times Picayune. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  21. Perry T. USD student dies of drug overdose after on campus music festival. LA Times. Accessed September 10, 2014.
  22. Ratliff B, Sisario B. Woman found dead at Bonnaroo. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  23. Reilly J. Teenage, 19, dies and two of his friends are hospitalized after taking ‘legal high’ Benzo Fury at music festival. Mail Online. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  24. Rettig J. 2 dead, 20 hospitalized after Mad Decent Party. Accessed September 1, 2014.
  25. Romero D. 10 raver deaths in 5 years. LA Times. Accessed September 8, 2014.
  26. Russell K. Police investigating whether a death is connected to drugs. WXYZ News. Accessed September 9, 2014.
  27. Sherburne P. Tainted Ecstasy suspected. Spin News. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  28. Stein J. Death at Bonnaroo music festival. LA Times. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  29. Thomson I. Money, music, molly. Music Business Journal. Accessed February 24, 2014.
  30. Woodward J. Boonstock festival goer died on birthday trip. CTV News. Accessed September 24, 2014.
  31. Yosh A. Two possible deaths at Ultra music festival this year; 2013 death attributed to bath salts. EDM News. Accessed September 10, 2014.
  32. Young A. Second person dies at Electric Daisy Carnival 2014, marks seventh death since 2011. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  33. Zanotti M. Big Day Out death inquest commences. Music Feed. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  34. Zattell J. Final day of New York electronic dance festival cancelled due to drug overdoses. CTV News. Accessed February 24, 2014.

Music Festival Fatalities: Academic Reports

  1. Armenian P, Mamantov TM, Tsutaoka BT, et al. Multiple MDMA (ecstasy) overdoses at a rave event: A case series. J Intensive Care Med. 2013; 28(4):252-258.
  2. Bledsoe B, Songer P, Buchanan K, et al. Burning man 2011: Mass gathering medical care in an austere environment. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2012; 16(4):469-476.
  3. Duflou J, Mark A. Aortic dissection after ingestion of “Ecstasy” (MDMA). Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2000; 21(3):261-263.
  4. Dutch JM, Austin KB. Hospital in the field: prehospital management of GHB intoxication by medical assistance teams. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012; 25(5):463-467.
  5. Garcia-Repetto R, Moreno E, Soriano T, et al. Tissue concentrations of MDMA and its metabolite MDA in three fatal cases of overdose. Forensic Sci Int. 2003; 135(2);110-114.
  6. Gill JR, Hayes JA, de Souza IS, et al. Ecstasy (MDMA) related deaths in New York City: a case series and review of the literature. J Forensic Sci. 2002; 47:121-126.
  7. Hutton A, Ranse J, Verdonk N, et al. Understanding the characteristics of patient presentations of young people at outdoor music festivals. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014; 29(2):160-166.
  8. Karlovsek MZ, Alibegovic A, Balazic J. Our experiences with fatal ecstasy abuse (two case reports). Forensic Science International. 2005; 147:S77-80.
  9. Krul J, Sanou B, Swart EL, et al. Medical care at mass gatherings: emergency medical services as large-scale rave events. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012; 27(1):71-74.
  10. Mascola L. Ecstasy overdoses at a New Year’s Eve Rave. CDC Reports, MMWR. 2010; 59(22):677-681.
  11. Milroy CM. “Ecstasy” associated deaths: what is a fatal concentration? Analysis of a case series. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2011; 7:248-252.
  12. Molloy MS, Brady F, Maleady K. Impact of a single large mass gathering music event, from a series of such events, on a receiving hospital's emergency department (ED). Prehosp Dis Med. 2013; 28(1):S186.
  13. Ridpath A, Driver CR, Nolan ML, et al. Illnesses and deaths among persons attending an electronic dance-music festival – New York City, 2013. MMRW. 2014; 63(50):1195-1198.
  14. Stagelund S, Jans O, Nielsen K, et al. Medical care and organization at the 2012 Roskilde music festival: A prospective observational study. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2014; 58(9):1086-1092.
  15. Ter Bogt TFM, Engels RCME. Partying Hard: Party style, motives for and effects of MDMA use at rave parties. Substance Use and Misuse. 2005; 40(9–10):1479–1502.
  16. Turris SA, Lund A. Mass gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015 (in press).
  17. Walterscheid, JP, Phillips GT, Lopez AE, Gonsoulin ML, Chen HH, Sanchez L. A. Pathological findings in 2 cases of fatal 25I-NBOMe toxicity. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2014; 35(1):20-25.